Interleukin-1 (IL-1) blockade may interfere with the immune response to infections. Treatment with another medication that works through inhibition of IL-1 or inhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is not recommended as this may increase the risk of serious infection. Serious, life-threatening infections have been reported in patients taking ARCALYST. Do not initiate treatment with ARCALYST in patients with an active or chronic infection.
Discontinue ARCALYST if a patient develops a serious infection.
It is possible that taking drugs such as ARCALYST that block IL-1 may increase the risk of tuberculosis (TB) or other atypical or opportunistic infections.
Although the impact of ARCALYST on infections and the development of malignancies is not known, treatment with immunosuppressants, including ARCALYST, may result in an increase in the risk of malignancies.
Hypersensitivity reactions associated with ARCALYST occurred in clinical trials. Discontinue ARCALYST and initiate appropriate therapy if a hypersensitivity reaction occurs.
Increases in non-fasting lipid profile parameters occurred in patients treated with ARCALYST in clinical trials. Patients should be monitored for changes in their lipid profiles.
Since no data are available, avoid administration of live vaccines while patients are receiving ARCALYST. ARCALYST may interfere with the normal immune response to new antigens, so vaccines may not be effective in patients receiving ARCALYST. It is recommended that, prior to initiation of therapy with ARCALYST, patients receive all recommended vaccinations, as appropriate.
In patients with CAPS or RP, the most common adverse reactions (≥10%) include injection-site reactions and upper respiratory tract infections.
In patients with DIRA, the most common adverse reactions (>10%) include upper respiratory tract infections, rash, otitis media, pharyngitis, and rhinorrhea.
In patients being treated with CYP450 substrates with narrow therapeutic indices, therapeutic monitoring of the effect or drug concentration should be performed, and the individual dose of the medicinal product may need to be adjusted.